Cleaning and Sanitizing:
Both a cleaner and a sanitizer should be used. Each has their own function. Cleaners remove organics which are food for unwanted contaminants.
PBW is an example of a cleaner. Use 1/2 tablespoon in 1 gallon of warm to hot water. Let it soak. Scrub surface with brush and rinse 3 X using water.
Sanitizers remove the unwanted contaminants (bacteria and yeast). Star San is an example of a sanitizer. Dilute 1/4 oz in 1.25 gallons. Place in a spray bottle and or dip equipment just prior to use. It can be used wet. 30 seconds of contact will kill 98% of the bacteria. A good rule is to clean all your equipment after its use. Then it will be ready to sanitize just before use.
Other Equipment Needed:
What's Brewing? Supply 1 gallon beer/wine kit,Spoon, Mesh bag, Thermometer, Spray bottle
Measure out 1 gallon of water and pour into the bucket. Mark the waterline as 1 gallon with a permanent marker.
What's Brewing? Supply 1 gallon ingredient kit
These instructions are for both All Grain (all grains and no extract) and Extract (some grain plus extract) ways of making 1 gallon of beer.
- Heat up 2.52 gallons (All Grain) or 1.75 gallons (Extract) of water to 160°F in a large stock pot. Turn off the stove. Remove from the burner if electric.
- Put the grain in the mesh bag and place in the stock pot.
- Stir the grain to assure no dough balls(dry spots) are present.
- Place a lid over the pot and let it sit for 1 hr (All Grain) or 20 min. (Extract)
- Remove the grain and continue to a boil.
- Extract only: Add the extract while stirring. Don't let it burn on the bottom of the kettle.
- Add the hops according to the timing and amounts specified in the recipe.
- After boiling for 60 minutes, place the pot in a sink full of ice water.
- As the wort cools to room temperature, sanitize the plastic bucket and lid.
- After confirming that the wort is at room temperature (below 72°F), poor it into the plastic bucket aerating as much as possible. You should have 1 gallon in the bucket.
- Pitch the yeast.
- Place the airlock (be sure to put water or sanitizer in the airlock) in the lid and place the lid on the bucket.
- Wait 2 weeks.
- Using the sanitized autosiphon, siphon the beer from the bucket to the sanitized glass jug. Minimize exposure to air. Add the airlock.
- Wait 1-2 more weeks or until the beer is clear.
Bottle into sanitized bottles using 2 tablespoons of honey or sugar as primer. Minimize exposure to air. After 2-3 weeks at room temperature, the beer will be carbonated and ready to drink. Cheers!